The transfer of heat is an important process in dozens of industries and the personal and private sectors. As a result, heat exchangers were developed. Spiral heat exchangers are an even more specialized modification of the standard heat exchanger and continue to play an important role in society today.

Understanding their function and application will provide insight into one of the most popular industrial tools in the world.

How Does a Spiral Heat Exchanger Work?

The purpose of a heat exchanger is to transfer heat from one liquid to another without the liquids being changed or ever contacting one another. Simply put, the liquids themselves stay unmoved and unchanged, with only the heat being moved.

There are dozens of variations of heat exchangers that are modified according to their function and purpose. They can vary in size, surface area and the flow of the liquids themselves. Some are designed to have the liquids running in the same direction, while some create a contrast with the liquids going different directions.

Spiral heat exchangers typically use a parallel structure with tubes running the same way, but they form coils rather than straight lines. These curved tubes are called channels, and they form a pathway through which the liquid can travel.

Copper heat exchanger. 3d illustration

What Makes Spiral Heat Exchangers More Attractive?

Spiral heat exchangers have many benefits that make them more attractive than other types of heat exchangers. Their coiled structure makes them more compact and saves space, which often means expenses and costs will be lower. Additionally, they often use less energy to function.

One of the best qualities of spiral heat exchangers is their self-cleaning capability that uses more force or pressure when a buildup starts to form. As a result, liquids that contain pieces of solid particles can be used without error, and easily dissolve blockage caused in the heat transfer process, and the tubes remain clear and operational.

What Industries Use Heat Exchangers?

The major industries that employ the use of heat exchangers are metals, oil refineries, carbon and gas processing, biochemical and pharmaceutical development, along with renewable energy companies and factories. These diverse fields all recognize how valuable heat exchangers are to assist in production, heating and cooling, and conservation.

Environmental Applications

In a world that is continually being negatively affected by pollution and contamination, choices must be made to protect the earth. Heat exchangers are one of the main industrial tools that benefit the environment. As factories and plants emit waste gases into the air, they also emit large quantities of heat. Heat exchangers can be used to reduce this waste.

As heat is about to be dispelled into the air, heat exchangers change the direction of the airflow and draw the heat back inside. Instead of being thrown out, the heat can be recycled and used for the energy needs of the facility, such as heating a furnace or stove. This recycling illustrates the value spiral heat exchangers have in protecting the environment.

Environmental Conservation Plant Sustainability

Heating and Cooling

Heating is perhaps the largest industry that uses spiral heat exchangers. Hot water and steam are typically the substances used, and the heat exchanger can safely draw out the heat and use it to increase the temperature of the area around it. Similarly, a heat exchanger can produce steam from hot water or another liquid if this is the desired result.

Many people fail to realize that heat exchangers are also integral parts of cooling as well. In addition to adding heat, a spiral heat exchanger can remove it as well, and redirect the heat somewhere else. As such, they are often used for air conditioning systems, refrigerators and even freezers.

Essentially, a spiral heat exchanger can create a balance. Depending on how it is being operated, it can maintain, increase or decrease temperatures depending on its function. Both heating and cooling rely on spiral heat exchangers to maintain the correct temperature according to their individual needs.

metalworking industry finishing metal working on lathe grinder machine with flying sparks

Machinery Operation

Heat exchangers are often used in plant or factory settings when chemicals, oil and gasoline are being produced and implemented. This equipment is very sensitive and involves high pressure with potentially hazardous materials. All machinery needs to stay at a certain temperature to operate functionally and safely.

Spiral heat exchangers are the perfect tool for the job because they can keep the machinery and tools at the perfect temperature level. Equipment often requires heat to operate which a heat exchanger can provide, but also needs to be prevented from getting too hot or overheating. Without spiral heat exchangers, factories that produce products used globally every day, like medicine and gasoline, could not be developed and created safely.


Heat is a necessary source of energy for the world, but it requires extreme care to be used properly. Spiral heat exchangers are a compact, energy saving tool that can draw transfer heat between liquids. A spiral heat exchanger can increase the heat, provide cooling by directing the heat elsewhere, maintain safe heat levels and protect the environment, proving how valuable spiral exchange heaters are.