Process pumps are a valuable and integral tool in society today, but many people do not know what they are used for or even what they are. These pumps can vary in their size, shape and function, but are primarily used for transporting fluids like water and chemicals. They are typically stationary and can be custom designed to fit a specific circumstance, or used in a standard setting. Understanding what process pumps are and where they are used will give insight into one of the most frequently used devices in the world today.
Why Are Pumps Important?
Pumps are an essential part of the industrial world because they efficiently move liquids and gasses without using excessive amounts of energy or fuel. Pumps are inexpensive and build a continuous cycle that works quickly and reliably. They direct various forms of liquid and gas efficiently and maintain their pressure as they are moved into a new setting.
How Do Process Pumps Work?
Centrifugal process pumps are a category of process pumps that rely on an impeller to function. Impellers are the rotating portion of a pump that is directly responsible for moving liquids or gasses. Using a rotating impeller creates the energy necessary for a pump to operate effectively. Centrifugal process pumps are often used when harsher chemicals or substances are being processed, like oil and petroleum.
Moving liquid or air requires energy, so pumps create a changing environment that provides space for fluctuation. Pumps work through a system of repeated rotation, where the impeller moves in a circular motion, allowing for the transport of liquids and gasses. Vacuum-like pressure is created and helps draw liquids and gasses further into the tube. A suction is formed, allowing the liquid or gas to begin to move.
After the gas is drawn into the tube, the energy being created by rotation begins to propel itself into the current. Increasing momentum forces the gas or liquid out of the tube in whatever direction the shape of the pump creates. Steady movement and rotation create a continuous process that is simple yet efficient.
API Pumps are the first of two major process pump categories. Even though they are a more specific type of process pump, they still come in many different forms and sizes and are primarily used for hydrocarbons and liquid substances like gasoline and oil. As such, API pumps are used for the manufacturing and transport of petroleum and related industries.
Hydrocarbons are particles composed of hydrogen and carbon and are the building blocks of natural gas used in petroleum, fueling the local and global transportation industry. API pumps are designed to be extremely durable since they work with gasses and liquids that are held at consistently high pressures.
The API 610 standard specifies the ramifications and guidelines API pumps must include. These guidelines are in place to ensure safety in the workplace and preserve the quality of the hydrocarbon being transported. Choosing pumps that align with the API 610 standard will increase safety and function while using API pumps.
ANSI Centrifugal process pumps meet the American National Standards Institute regulations. They are positioned horizontally and have suction on one end. All ANSI pumps share the same dimensions regardless of their manufacturers, so they can be easily adjusted to new settings and all function in the same way.
ANSI pumps are used in chemical industries just like API pumps, but they also are used in other sectors like making paper, processing food and refineries. Overall, all ANSI pumps are dimensionally the same, allowing them to easily and quickly adapt to any use required of them.
What Are Process Pumps Made of?
Depending on their intended purpose, pumps can be made of different materials. The thickness of the pumps is designed to vary based on the type of liquid or gas being pressurized and moved through the channel. Harsher chemicals like gasoline require more durable pumps that can withstand potential wear as well as high temperatures.
Many pumps are made of iron and have a strong base to keep them sturdy and reliable. Steel, titanium and other varied metals are also widely used. However, some pumps are made entirely of strong, thick plastic, and many are lined with metals or ceramic to keep them strong both internally and externally.
Overall, process pumps continue to be an important part of the industrial world both globally and locally. Their major categories are ANSI pumps that are designed to work with harsher and more abrasive chemicals, and API pumps that have standard dimensions no matter the purpose they are being used for.
Process pumps are valuable because they save energy and create an efficient system for moving liquids and gasses and their pressures. They will continue to be used in the petroleum industry, food industries, refineries and other factories, and are a cost effective, reliable tool that works exceptionally well.